Arp Poisoning [Man-in-the-middle-attack]
Arp poisoning one kind of MITM attack.
ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
Basically, its the attacker eavesdropping on the victim, and the victim in most cases being unaware of this.
Prior warning : Information for educational purposes only.
This attack is aimed at associating the attackers MAC address with IP of any host (usually) the default gateway. Once the poisoning attack is initiated, the attacker can be modified.The attacker relays messages from the gateway to the victim.
Attack begins with the attacker associating his computers MAC address with the IP of the victim.The router now thinks the attacker is the victim.The attacker can now intercept , modify , or stop traffic.
Later attacker initiates a feature called IP Forwarding, Enabling the attacker to forward traffic from the victim.
An ARP poisoning can be used to launch a Denial Of Service attack, in which instead of posing as a gateway, it can drop all incoming packets, causing clients to be denied service to the attacked network.
Most can be captured in this attack.This attack is mostly initiated on a Local Area Network.
I feel its one of the easiest attack on an unsuspecting victim, be it your siblings,parents,friends, or whoever.
Tools you will need: Although there are a lot of softwares that perform the attack, I would suggest these:
- Cain & Abel
If required will write a detailed post on how to perform MITM attacks using these software.
Perform attack with the intent of having fun, and you will soon be able to take the attack to the next level.